September 17, 2016

Madala Boson.

Physicists have discovered signals of a new particle in the swathes of data used to confirm the existence of the Higgs boson back in 2012. They have tentatively named it the Madala Boson.
The signal was first detected in data from the 2012 Large Hadron Collider (LHC) experiments at CERN and has now bee supported by repeat experiments in 2015 and 2016. Nothing's confirmed just yet, but the case is getting stronger.
The group behind the discovery, the High Energy Physics Group (HEP) from the University of the Witwatersrand in South Africa, suggests that if their 'Madala hypothesis' is correct, it could help us make sense of dark matter's place in the Universe.
Estimated to make up around 27% of all the mass and energy in the observable universe, we know dark matter exists because we can detect its gravitational force. Still, it doesn't appear to emit any form of light or radiation that we can observe.
And despite years of searching, no one actually knows what dark matter actually is- the closest we've gotten to figuring that out is crossing off each potential candidate one by one.
"Physics today is at a crossroads similar to the times of Einstein and the fathers of Quantum Mechanics," says lead researcher, Bruce Mellado.
"Classical physics failed to explain several phenomena and, as a result, it needed to be revolutionized with new concepts, such as relativity and Quantum physics, leading to the creation of what we know now as modern physics."
When the existence of the Higgs Boson was confirmed in 2012, it finally completed the Standard Model of Physics. But as finished as it now is, the Standard Model can't explain the existence or behavior of dark matter- which is where the more massive Madala boson comes in (If it's real).
MetalloMedallo and his team explain that while the Higgs boson only interacts with known matter- which makes up just 4% of the mass and energy of the universe- the Madala boson appears to interact with dark matter instead.
Details about the discovery are piecemeal right now but have been outlined in the South African Collaboration with CERN's 2015-2016 Annual report, which describes the Hypothesises Madal Boson as having a mass of around 270GeV or roughly 270 Billion eV.
To put that into perspective, the Higgs boson has a mass of around 126GeV.
The same 2015 to 2016 experiments that strengthened the case for the Madala boson also showed indications of an even higher potential new Boson, which weighs in at a whopping 750GeV (if it's real).
Science Alert- © 
We've to wait for the teams behind these discoveries to come up with more evidence and then give the rest of the physics community a chance to scrutinize them. We called Higgs Boson as 'The God Particle' and solemnized its discovery in a duly manner. A few years later, we're talking about Madala boson and possible other particles. Who knows what the future holds for us. I'll be obliged to write about them in the coming years.

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